Halo sahabat kali ini kita akan belajar tentang Descriptive Text
Descrptif is a text to describe something , it can be person, animal, thing or places in particular way.
teks Deskriptiv adalah teks yang mendeskripskan tentang sesuatu secara khusus bisa berupa orang, binatang, benda ataupun tempat.
Struktur Teks Deskriptif:
Identifikasi sesuatu yang akan dideskripsikan/dijelaskan. (Orang, binatang, benda atau tempat-tempat tertentu)
Deskripsi atau penjelasan objek dari segi fisik, bagian-bagian tertentu, dan karakteristiknya atau kebiasaannya.
- Menggunakan Simple Present tense
- Mejelaskan sesuatu secara spesifik/khusus (particular)
- Menggunakan attributive: has/have dan identifying: is, are. Contoh Teks Deskriptif sederhana:
Contoh 1 (person)
Aunt Dina is very healthy. She is rarely sick. She is married and has two children. She is more than 40 years old, but her skin is smooth and her face always looks young and beautiful. Oh ya, she exercises almost everyday. She works at a bank. It is almost 2 kms from her home. She has a motorcycle, but she goes to work on foot.
(Tante Dina adalah orang yang sangat sehat. Dia jarang sakit. Dia sudah menikah dan memiliki dua anak. Dia berumur lebih dari 40 tahun, tetapi kulitnya halus dan wajahnya selalu terlihat muda dan cantik. Dia hampir selalu berolahraga setiap hari. Dia bekerja di sebuah bank. Tempat kerjanya jaraknya hampir 2 km dari rumahnya. Dia memiliki sepeda motor tetapi dia lebih suka berangkat kerja jalan kaki.)
Contoh 2 (Animal)
I love my cat, Manis. She makes me happy. When I tickle her, she rolls around and taps her paws on my hand. I like the feeling. She has three colors, white, yellow, and black. She often lies on my feet when I study or watch TV. Sometimes she sleeps in my bed with me, on my feet. It feels warm.
(Saya menyayangi kucing saya, Si Manis. Dia membuat saya senang. Ketika saya menggelitikinya, dia berguling- guling dan menempelkan kakinya pada tangan saya. Saya suka rasanya. Dia memiliki tiga warna, yaitu putih, kuning, dan hitam. Dia selalu berbaring pada kaki saya ketika saya sedang belajar atau menonton televisi. Kadang-kadang dia tidur di tempat tidur saya, pada kaki saya. Rasanya hangat.)
Contoh 3 (Place)
There is a lake near my hometown. It’s very large and panoramic. The forest around the lake is very green and cool. But, I want to say some sad things about it. It is very dirty and the foods and drinks are very expensive. People litter everywhere because there are not many garbage bins there. The vendors leave their waste everywhere. Some wooden benches are broken, so we cannot sit on them.
(Ada sebuah danau dekat dengan kota saya. Danaunya luas dan indah. Hutan di sekitar danau sangat hijau dan sejuk. Tetapi saya ingin bilang sesuatu yang menyedihkan tentang danau itu. Sekarang danau itu kotor. Makanan dan minuman harganya sangat mahal. Banyak orang yang membuang sampah sembarangan karena tidak ada banyak tempat sampah di sana. Para pedagang meninggalkan sampah dimana-mana. Beberapa bangku rusak sehingga kita tidak dapat duduk di sana.)
Contoh 4 (Thing)
I’m proud of Indonesia
Indonesia is a big country. It is between two continents, Asia and Australia, and between two oceans, the Pacific ocean and the Indian Ocean. It is the largest archipelago in the world. There are more than 17 thousand islands in Indonesia.
There are many seas in Indonesia, the Java Sea, the Bali Sea, the Arafuru Sea, the Banda Sea, the Timor Sea, and many others. We also have many straits, like the Sunda Strait, between Java and Sumatra, the Bali Strait between Bali and Lombok, and many others.
We have a lot of islands. The big ones are Papua, Kalimantan, Sumatera, Sulawesi, and Java. Of the five islands, Java is the smallest, but it is the most populated one. We can find people from around Indonesia.
Indonesia also has many mountains. Many of them are still active and can erupt any time. We call them volcanoes, like Sinabung and Marapi in Sumatra, Merapi in Java, and Lokon in South Sulawesi. When they erupt they bring out very hot lava from inside the earth.
Indonesia is on the equator. It is a tropical country. The sun shines brightly everyday, so it is mostly hot. It has two seasons, the rainy season, and the dry season. The land is very fertile. Farmers grow many kinds of vegetables and fruits. They also grow coconuts.Indonesian people eat a lot of vegetables like spinach, carrots, long beans, egg plants, cabbages, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, garlic, chillies, , kangkung and many others.
We also grow many kinds of fruit. We call them local fruits, like guavas, bananas, rambutans, durians, mangosteens, soursops, papayas, pineapples, and salak. Some people call it a snake fruit. They are all very nice, sweet, and juicy. We eat them fresh. We also make delicious juice of them. We also dry many kinds of fruit to make crackers. Indonesia is also rich with spices, like pepper, corriander, ginger, clove, cinnamon, tumeric, galanga, lemon grass, bay leave, and so on. We use them to cook very spicy Indonesian foods. People also make nice healthy drinks from them. They are useful for our health.
Many kinds of fish, big and small, live in the Indonesian seas. Most of us eat fish with our meals. We also eat shrimp and different kinds of shellfish. But we don’t eat big fish, like dolphins and sharks. We protect them.We also protect our turtles.
Indonesia also raise different kinds of animals for their meat, like cows, goats, pigs. We get beef from the cow, mutton from the goat, and pork from the pig. Some ethnic groups even eat horse meat. Our milk is usually from cows. Of course we also have chickens. They give us meat and eggs.
setelah sahabat membaca dan memahami tek descriptif berikul link untuk latian soal
Reference: Buku Bahasa Inggris Kelas 7 K-13)